The lumber industry became well established as businessmen took advantage of navigable waterways to provide access to both markets and northern pineries.The 1859 arrival of rail transportation expanded the ability to meet the demands of a rapidly growing construction market.It was the establishment and growth of the lumber industry in the area that spurred development of Oshkosh.Oshkosh was incorporated as a city in 1853, although it had already been designated the county seat, and had a population of nearly 2,800.Many of these historic sites have been preserved and are open to the public for visitation.The city oldest community on the upper Mississippi.Marie Antoinette Chevalier's family moved with her father to Green Bay. Chevalier's husband disappeared during a trading trip.
Although the fur trade brought the first European settlers to the area as early as 1818, it never became a major player in the fur trade.
At one time, Oshkosh was known as the "Sawdust Capital of the World" due to the number of lumber mills in the city, 11 by 1860.
By 1874, there were 47 sawmills and 15 shingle mills.
Menominee, Michigan, and Marinette are sometimes described as "twin cities." Her father was Bertrand Chevalier, a British trader of French Canadian ancestry, who was involved with an early trading post at Green Bay.
Her mother was Lucy, the daughter of a Menominee chief, Wauba-Shish (Great Marten).